Just now I’ve installed Fedora 16 on my desktop. Normally I use Ubuntu (or Xubuntu rather). Because I’m a developer I need to have several build tools installed for compiling. On Ubuntu one of the first things I always do is a sudo apt-get install build-essential.
On Fedora, this is a little different. First of all, you’ve got to use the yum command line application. After some searching I found the following equivalent for build-essential.
sudo yum groupinstall “Development Tools”